Access to legal abortion is now subject to state law, allowing each state to decide whether to ban, restrict, or allow the procedure. Some parts of the country are much stricter than others — Arkansas, Oklahoma, and Kentucky are among them 13 states with initiation laws which immediately made abortion illegal after the verdict. In total, about half of states are likely to either ban or restrict abortion, with many refusing to make exceptions even in pregnancies involving rape, incest, and fetuses with genetic abnormalities. Many specialized abortion clinics may be forced to close their doors in the next few days and weeks.
When overturning Roe v. Wade it will not mean the end of abortions in the US, it will likely reduce the rate and force those seeking them to follow different methods. People living in countries that prohibit or severely restrict abortion may consider traveling to other areas, although crossing state borders can be time consuming and overly expensive for those facing financial difficulties.
Anti-abortion activists are more likely to use surveillance and data collection to track and identify people seeking abortion is also higher after the decision. This the information may be used in criminal proceedingswhich makes it especially dangerous for those leaving home to cross state borders.
Vigilante volunteers are already visiting abortion clinics in states including Mississippi, Florida and North Carolina, filming the arrival of people with cameras and recording details about them and their cars. While activists deny that the data is used to harass or contact people seeking abortion, experts are concerned that footage of clients coming to and leaving clinics could be used to target and harm them, especially if law enforcement agencies or private groups use identification persons to identify them.
The option to avoid clinics is to order so-called abortion pills to discreetly terminate a pregnancy at home. Pills, which are safe and widely prescribed by doctors, are significantly cheaper than surgery; they already make up the majority of abortions in the United States.